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Search. Le Labrador est séparé de l'île de Terre-Neuve par le détroit de Belle-Isle.La région fait partie de la péninsule du Labrador (dont la région côtière est parfois aussi nommée Markland, « terre du bois » en vieux norrois).. European settlement was largely concentrated in coastal communities, particularly those south of St. Lewis and Cape Charles, and are among Canada's oldest European settlements. “We’ve got plenty of evidence to suggest this is – and I hesitate to use the word ‘racist’ – but there are hints of racism within that resolution,” Simon explained. It includes portions of Central and Western Labrador, but more NunatuKavummiut reside in its South Coast portion: it is peppered with tiny Inuit fishing communities, of which Cartwright is the largest. The mountains stretch along the coast from Port Manvers to Cape Chidley, the northernmost point of Labrador. Deposits at Mont Wright, Schefferville, Labrador City, and Wabush drove industrial development and human settlement in the area during the second half of the 20th century. Most of Labrador has a subarctic climate (Dfc), but northern Labrador has a tundra climate (ET) and Happy Valley - Goose Bay has a humid continental (Dfb) microclimate. Central Labrador extends from the shores of Lake Melville into the interior. Last week, Mohawk Council filed for a judicial review in Quebec Superior Court, asking it to “quash and declare null” Oka’s bylaw before it is certified by the provincial government. [4] Labrador ("lavrador" in Portuguese) means husbandman or farmer of a tract of land (from "labour" in Latin) —the land of the labourer. A copy of the Process can be obtained by clicking on this link: Zachry-JVIC Dispute Resolution Process. On Monday, Mohawk Council of Kanesatake announced it filed “legal actions” against the neighbouring municipality of Oka – as well as the province of Quebec – after Oka “wrongfully designated the ‘Pines’ as being a municipal heritage site,” according to an MCK press release. The subdivision is across town but linked to Kanonhstaton through an hydro and pipeline easement access road. See world news photos and videos at ABCNews.com Pour le Québec, cette frontière n'a donc jamais été définitivement arrêtée. Each of those regions is described below. In 1949, Newfoundland entered into confederation, becoming part of Canada (see above articles for full information). Construction of a large hydroelectric dam project at Muskrat Falls began in 2012 by Nalcor Energy and the Province of Newfoundland. Though some candidates were out knocking on doors Thursday morning, by late afternoon it was difficult to see across the street in St. John's with all the blowing snow. The North Coast is the most isolated region of Labrador, with snowmobiles, boats, and planes being the only modern modes of transportation. [9] While this border has not been formally accepted by the Quebec government, the Henri Dorion Commission (Commission d'étude sur l'intégrité du territoire du Québec) concluded in the early 1970s that Quebec no longer has a legal claim to Labrador.[10]. Early settlement in Labrador was tied to the sea as demonstrated by the Montagnais (or Innu) and Inuit, although these peoples also made significant forays throughout the interior. They founded Nain, Okak, Hebron, Hopedale and Makkovik. This is believed to be João Fernandes. Throughout the 20th century, coastal freighters and ferries operated initially by the Newfoundland Railway and later Canadian National Railway/CN Marine/Marine Atlantic became a critical lifeline for communities on the coast, which for the majority of that century did not have any road connection with the rest of North America. ET at 1-800-663-9980 For French speakers in all provinces and English speakers in Quebec, please contact us during the hours of 8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m. “I’m not negotiating our heritage, our titles, our rights with Oka,” Simon added. Quite poor, both European and First Nations settlements along coastal Labrador came to benefit from cargo and relief vessels that were operated as part of the Grenfell Mission (see Wilfred Grenfell). Autumn is generally short, lasting only a couple of weeks and is typically cool and cloudy. The largest community in this region is Nain. Kanesatake’s legal representatives say Oka’s bylaw was “adopted in bad faith for an improper purpose” and constitutes “an abuse of power, unreasonable, and contrary to the honour of the Crown.”. The Pines forest, the inspiration for Oka’s recent heritage bylaw, was also the site at the heart of the 1990 standoff. July 19, 2020 Six Nations members occupy a construction site at 1535 McKenzie Rd., renaming it 1492 Land Back Lane. Labrador is divided into four provincial electoral districts in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly. :1-877-323-2598 (French) There is another credit bureau in … “That’s why this resolution will be squashed – it flies in the face of every right that we have to safeguard our own heritage, our own history,” Simon added. The aboriginal peoples of Labrador include the Northern Inuit of Nunatsiavut, the Southern Inuit-Métis of NunatuKavut, and the Innu of Nitassinan.[2]. “When the UN sees the word ‘Oka’ on that thing – you’ll see how fast the attention turns to Quebec,” he said. Nunatsiavut is an Inuit self-government region in Labrador created on June 23, 2000. Part of the "highway", Route 389, starting approximately 212 kilometres (132 mi) from Baie-Comeau to 482 kilometres (300 mi), is of an inferior alignment, and from there to 570 kilometres (350 mi), the provincial border, is an accident-prone section notorious for its poor surface and sharp curves. The boundaries of Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba are extended northward to Hudson Bay and the Hudson Strait. L'Anse-au-Loup is the largest town on the Labrador Straits. Students learn how to snare and clean a rabbit, the Mi’k... Yukon, territories leading Canada in COVID-19 vaccinations. — Parts of Newfoundland and Labrador are marking the end of the first week of the provincial election campaign with a massive snowstorm. The Canadian government built a major air force base at Goose Bay, at the head of Lake Melville during the Second World War, a site selected because of its topography, access to the sea, defensible location, and minimal fog. “It’s part of Highway 344 where, today, we find cigarette and cannabis shacks,” he added. The border between Labrador and Canada was set on 1 March 1927, after a five-year trial. MV Kamutik, a passenger ferry between the mainland and St. Barbe on the island of Newfoundland, is based in Blanc Sablon, Quebec, near the Labrador border. 1920 – Boundaries are established among the districts of the Northwest Territories. The lighthouse at Point Amour is the second-largest lighthouse in Canada. Springtime most years does not arrive until late April, with the last snow fall usually falling during early June. In 1499 and 1500, the Portuguese explorers João Fernandes Lavrador and Pro de Barcelos reached what was probably now Labrador, which is believed to be the origin of its name. Formerly, Labrador was part of a riding that included part of the Island of Newfoundland. However, in 1809 the British Imperial government detached Labrador from Lower Canada for transfer to the separate, self-governing Newfoundland Colony. 1927: Labrador boundary with Quebec determined by arbitration decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council of London. Raising awareness of Indigenous water rights in British Co... Athena Bonneau - Local Journalism Initiative Reporter - The Discourse. Additionally, both the Royal Canadian Air Force and United States Air Force built and operated a number of radar stations along coastal Labrador as part of the Pinetree Line, Mid-Canada Line and DEW Line systems. Search. A whaling ship, the San Juan, sank there in 1565 and was raised in 1978.[5]. A copy of the legal document was also forwarded to the United Nations’ Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, according to Simon. Labrador can be divided into four geographical regions: the North Coast, Central Labrador, Western Labrador, and the South Coast. The south eastern tip nearest Newfoundland uses Newfoundland Time (UTC−3:30 in winter, UTC−2:30 in summer) to stay co-ordinated with the more populous part of the province. According to the 2011 Census, Labrador was 55.1% White, 18.5% Inuit, 15.6% Metis, and 8.6% First Nations (Innu). Due to its size, distinct nature, and large Aboriginal population, Labrador has one seat despite having the smallest population of any electoral district in Canada. “We need to consult [Kanesatake] to do everything, but them – they don’t have the obligation to consult us?” Quevillion said. Le Québec est la plus grande province du Canada. In 1809 Labrador had been transferred from Lower Canada to Newfoundland Colony but the inland boundary of Labrador had never been precisely stated. Today, two-thirds of the Pines are privately owned by Oka-based developer Gregoire Gollin, who offered to donate a portion of the forest back to Kanesatake through the federal government’s ecological gift program. Pour le Québec, cette frontière n'a donc jamais été définitivement arrêtée. McKenzie Meadows dispute. Primus - Alberta: Unlimited Internet from Primus gives you the flexibility to download and surf the web more, when you want and for how long you want, without any additional usage charges. The Pines file is also taken care of by the negotiator,” the email reads. This area is predominantly Inuit, with the exception of a small Innu community, Natuashish. [8] Newfoundland argued it extended to the height of land, while Canada, stressing the historical use of the term "Coasts of Labrador", argued the boundary was 1 statute mile (1.6 km) inland from the high-tide mark. [citation needed], Some of the Innu nation would have the area become a homeland for them, much as Nunavut is for the Inuit, as a good portion of Nitassinan falls within Labrador's borders; a 1999 resolution of the Assembly of First Nations claimed Labrador as a homeland for the Innu and demanded recognition in any further constitutional negotiations regarding the region.[12]. They also want Quebec to prohibit Oka from taking any other measures to interfere with transfer of the Pines to “Mohawk control.”. They’ve taken all they’re going to take now. However, in 2001, Parti Québécois cabinet ministers Jacques Brassard and Joseph Facal reasserted that Québec has never recognised the 1927 border: Les ministres rappellent qu'aucun gouvernement québécois n'a reconnu formellement le tracé de la frontière entre le Québec et Terre-Neuve dans la péninsule du Labrador selon l'avis rendu par le comité judiciaire du Conseil privé de Londres en 1927. Winters are long, cold, and extremely snowy, due to the Icelandic Low. Before APTN Lindsay worked at the Eastern Door, CTV Montreal and the Montreal Gazette. By submitting your information above, you agree to be bound by the terms of JV Industrial Companies Ltd.’s Dispute Resolution Process. The Iron Ore Company of Canada operates the Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway to transport ore concentrate 578 kilometres (359 miles) south to the port of Sept-Îles, Quebec, for shipment to steel mills in North America and elsewhere. Dispute a charge; Let's talk. For English speakers in all provinces except Quebec, please contact us between the hours of 8:00 a.m.-8:00 p.m. They also want Quebec to prohibit Oka from taking any other measures to interfere with transfer of the Pines to “Mohawk control.” It contains the Churchill River, the largest river in Labrador and one of the largest in Canada. A study on a fixed link to Newfoundland, in 2004, recommended that a tunnel under the Strait of Belle Isle, being a single railway that would carry cars, buses and trucks, was technologically the best option for such a link. Most of Labrador (from Cartwright north and west) uses Atlantic Time (UTC−4 in winter, UTC−3 in summer). Summers are typically cool to mild across Labrador and very rainy, and usually last from late June to the end of August. From Hamilton Inlet to Cape St. Charles/St. The applicant or accompanying spouse has a close relative that is a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident residing in Newfoundland and Labrador, which includes parent, sibling, grandparent, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, cousin and step-family members or in-laws of the same relationships. The flooding of the reservoir destroyed large areas of habitat for the threatened Woodland Caribou. From Cape Charles to the Quebec/Labrador coastal border, the Straits is known for its Labrador sea grass (as is NunatuKavut) and the multitude of icebergs that pass by the coast via the Labrador Current. The area was known as Markland in Greenlandic Norse and its inhabitants were known as the Skræling. Today the province of Quebec’s French-speaking political leaders continue to dispute this … 11 – Innu Traditional Territory", "Labrador Inuit land claim passes last hurdle", "Government of Newfoundland Consultation Policy", https://stats.gov.nl.ca/Statistics/Topics/census2016/PDF/CCS_Community_2016.pdf, "Report on explorations in the Labrador peninsula along the East Main, Koksoak, Hamilton, Manicuagan and portions of other rivers in 1892–93–94–95", Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Labrador&oldid=1003901059, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from November 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1774: Labrador is transferred (along with. A whaling station was set up around the bay, which they called Butus and is now named Red Bay after the red terracotta roof tiles they brought with them. “If ever the ecological gift is made – and that would surprise me – we’re very worried for the Pines because of what happened to the part that was purchased by the federal government 30 years ago,” Quevillion explained Monday. In December, after a confrontation between Quevillion and the group called “Kanehsatake Land Defenders,” Indigenous Affairs Minister Ian Lafreniere appointed a negotiator to “identify feasible solutions” in the ongoing cohabitation disputes. In Quevillion’s view, Mohawk Council’s complaint about lack of consultation on the bylaw is unfounded. The Moravian Brethren of Herrnhut, Saxony, first came to the Labrador Coast in 1760 to minister to the migratory Inuit tribes there. Liberal Leader and incumbent Premier Andrew Furey made it back … A transmission line began construction in October 2014 and was completed in 2016 that will deliver power down to the southern tip of Labrador and underwater across the strait of Belle Isle to the Province of Newfoundland in 2018.[7]. Most of the Upper Canadian and Lower Hudsonian mammalian species are found in Labrador. Nain is the administrative centre. It is separated from the island of Newfoundland by the Strait of Belle Isle. Prior to the 1995 Quebec sovereignty referendum, Parti Québécois Premier Jacques Parizeau indicated that, in the event of a "yes" vote, a sovereign Quebec under his leadership would recognise the 1927 border. Free D-U-N-S Number Services. General. Labrador was within New France mostly by 1748. The Settlement area comprises the majority of Labrador's North Coast, while the land-use area also includes land farther to the interior and in Central Labrador. The hydroelectric dam at Churchill Falls is the second-largest underground power station in the world. Red Bay is known as one of the best examples of a preserved 16th-century Basque whaling station. Council says they’ll argue the bylaw is invalid because Kanesatake was not consulted by the Crown. A southern extension of this highway has opened in stages during the early 2000s and is resulting in significant changes to the coastal ferry system in the Strait of Belle Isle and southeastern Labrador. En 1927, le Comité judiciaire du Conseil privé britannique est prié de rendre un avis sur une dispute entre le Canada et Terre-Neuve concernant l'emplacement de la frontière séparant Terre‑Neuve et le Québec au Labrador. Their decision set the Labrador boundary mostly along the coastal watershed, with part being defined by the 52nd parallel north. For Quebec, this border has thus never been definitively defined. Labrador also shares a small land border with the Canadian territory of Nunavut on Killiniq Island. In October 1943, a German U-boat crew installed an automated weather station on the northern tip of Labrador near Cape Chidley, code-named Weather Station Kurt; the installation of the equipment was the only-known armed German military operation on the North American mainland during the war. 7 Last week, Mohawk Council filed for a judicial review in Quebec Superior Court, asking it to “quash and declare null” Oka’s bylaw before it is certified by the provincial government. “Municipalities don’t have any obligation to consult with Indigenous communities – it’s really the federal and provincial governments that are obliged to do so,” he added. Together with the small community of Wabush, the two towns are known as "Labrador West". The Southern Inuit of NunatuKavut, who are also seeking self-government, have their land claim before the Government of Canada. “I told [Quebec] I didn’t ask for a negotiator. “To come and tell us after the fact that we should have consulted before passing our bylaw – it’s a little ironic. During the Second World War and the Cold War, the base was also home to American, British, and later German, Dutch, and Italian detachments. Most of the supply is bought by Hydro-Québec under a long-term contract. Wireless Care/Support: 1-877-422-6171 Northern Labrador's climate is classified as polar, while Southern Labrador's climate is classified as subarctic. The Labrador boundary dispute is settled. Labrador (/ ˈ l æ b r ə d ɔːr / LAB-rə-dor) is a geographic and cultural region within the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.It is the primarily continental portion of the province and constitutes 71% of the province's area but is home to only 6% of the province's population. It is also the location of four 16th-century Spanish galleons. [17] Notably the Polar bear, Ursus maritimus, reaches the southeast of Labrador on its seasonal movements.

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